Geographic co-ordinates: 6 00 S, 35 00 E
Situation: Tanzania is situated just south of the equator, and is eastern Africa's largest country. Included in the Republic are the Indian Ocean islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar. The island of Zanzibar is separated from the mainland by a 22-mile channel. Tanzania borders the Indian Ocean to the east. To the north are Uganda and Kenya; to the west, Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo; and to the south, Mozambique, Zambia, and Malawi. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa at 5,895m. Tanzania is bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest.